F. Definitions

Financial definitions used in this code are contained in Implementation Guidance.

  • Accountability: 'The processes through which an organisation makes a commitment to respond to and balance the needs of stakeholders in its decision making processes and activities, and delivers against the commitment' (Pathways to Accountability, the GAP Framework One World Trust, 2005)
  • Actors: An organisation, government department or individual with a role or influence. (Safety with Dignity, Action Aid, 2009)
  • Affiliate: An organisation to which the signatory organisation has some form of membership, formal association or alliance.
  • Aid and development: Activities undertaken in order to reduce poverty and address global justice issues in the broader context of working to achieve sustainable development. In the non-government organisation sector, this may occur through a range of engagements that includes community projects, disaster risk reduction, responding to disasters, community education, advocacy, volunteer sending, provision of technical and professional services and resources, environmental protection and restoration, and promotion and protection of human rights.
  • Advocacy: Activities undertaken to change the systemic and structural causes of poverty and disadvantage, which may include popular campaigning, lobbying, research, policy positions, alliances and use of the media. It may occur both in New Zealand and globally.
  • Civil society organisation (CSO): Includes non-government organisations (NGOs), not-for-profit organisations (NPOs), and charities and community-based organisations (CBOs). Can also include religious organisations, trade unions, foundations and any institutions outside of the corporate and government sectors. (Pathways to Accountability, the GAP Framework, One World Trust, 2005).
  • Collaborate: A process in which two or more parties contribute core competencies and share the risks and decision-making to achieve mutual objectives.
  • Communities: Locally organised or informal groups or networks. (Safety with Dignity, Action Aid, 2009).
  • Complaint: An expression of dissatisfaction. (International Standards Organisation standard on complaints handling).
  • Development: Seeks to improve the conditions and quality of life of communities in a sustainable way. The focus is on working with communities or organisations, rather than for, or on behalf of, communities.
  • Dignity: The feeling of having decision making power, freedom and autonomy over life choices, together with the feeling of self-worth and self-confidence, and feeling one has the respect of others. (Safety with dignity, ActionAid 2009 based on Protection: an ALNAP Guide for Humanitarian Agencies, Slim and Bronwick 2005.)
  • Disability: Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others (United National Convention on the Rights of People with a Disability).
  • Emergency management: Involves plans, structures and arrangements established to engage the normal endeavours of government, voluntary and private agencies in a comprehensive and coordinated way to respond to the whole spectrum of emergency needs. (The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN ISDR) 2004). This includes preparedness, mitigation, response, rehabilitation, reconstruction, development and prevention activities.
  • Effectiveness: Promoting sustainable change that addresses the causes as well as the symptoms of poverty and marginalisation. (ACFID NGO Effectiveness Framework 2004).
  • Emergency: A threatening condition that requires urgent action. (The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN ISDR 2004).
  • Gender: Gender is the social attributes opportunities and roles associated with being female and male. Gender determines what is expected, allowed and valued in a woman, man, boy or girl in a given context. (Source: NZAID Gender Analysis Guideline)
  • Gender analysis: The process of considering the impact that a development programme or project may have on women and men, boys and girls and the economic and social relationships between them. (Guide to Gender and development, AusAID, 2007.)
  • Gender equality: When men and women have the same right, status, opportunities and resources to realise their potential and contribute to political, economic, social and cultural development, and benefit equally from the results. (Gender Analysis Guideline, MFAT, 2012)
  • Gender equity Ensuring fairness between men and women often through measures to compensate for political, economic, cultural or historical disadvantages that prevent equality. (Gender Analysis Guideline, MFAT, 2012)
  • Human Rights: Legal statements by the international community that assert the equality and dignity of all human beings, including civil and political rights and economic, social and cultural rights.¬†
  • Humanitarian relief: Fulfilling the most basic requirements for sustaining the lives and dignity of those affected by calamity or conflict. (Sphere Project, 2004)
  • Local people: The women and men, boys and girls who are participants in, and directly affected by, aid and development activities in the geographical area in which the activity is undertaken. May also be known as beneficiaries or primary stakeholders.
  • Non-development activities: Includes all activities that do not meet the Code of Conduct definition for aid and development activities defined above.
  • ¬†Non-government organisations: Voluntary, not-for-profit, organisations formally registered with government that are run by a governing board that is accountable to its members.
  • Non-food items: Includes clothing and bedding, personal hygiene items, cooking and eating utensils, stoves, fuel and lighting, tools and equipment. (Sphere 2004)
  • Other resources: Includes (but is not limited to) funds raised, gifts in kind, property, assets, staff and volunteers of signatory and partner organisations.
  • Partner: Partners are individuals, groups of people or organisations that collaborate with signatory organisations to achieve mutually agreed objectives in aid
  • and development activities. This may include affiliates.
  • Primary stakeholders: (see local people).
  • Promoting a particular religious adherence: Activities undertaken with the intention of converting individuals or groups from one faith and/or¬†denominational affiliation to another.
  • Psycho-social support: Any type of local or outside support that aims to promote psychological and social wellbeing and/or to prevent or treat mental disorder.
  • Signatory: An organisation which the CID Code Committee has accepted as a signatory to the CID Code of Conduct and which has not resigned or been removed and has paid all its fees.
  • Stakeholders: Individuals and groups that can affect or are affected by an organisation's policies and/or actions (Pathways to Accountability, the GAP Framework One World Trust, 2005).
  • Supporting a particular party, candidate or organisation affiliated to a political party: Agency personnel or their representatives (when using the agency name or resources in paid time) being involved in party political activities; using funds or resources to facilitate or support a specific political party, candidate, or party political organisation in a local, regional or general/national election; using funds or resources to facilitate or support a particular politician or faction to gain power within a government or within a party political structure.
  • Sustainable development: Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. (World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987). Sustainable development also needs to address the maintenance of the carrying capacity of natural systems upon which humanity ultimately depend and ensure humanity operates within that carrying capacity.
  • Transparency: An organisation's openness about its activities, providing information on what it is doing, where and how this takes place and how it is performing. (Pathways to Accountability, the GAP Framework, One World Trust, 2005).
  • Third parties: May be a contractor, partner or an affiliate of the non-government organisation.